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How digitalization will help in improving the Indian Railways


Indian Railways
are on track to boost their revenues and customer experience by embracing digitalization in all aspects of their activities, such as asset management, signaling, manufacturing and passenger information systems. It is the 3rd largest railway network in the world by size, and is undergoing continuous changes. Improving the quality and usage of the network, quicker services and the safe operation of trains are essential areas.

The new scenario has altered the transport paradigm With the emphasis moving from infrastructure to service and from ready-made to personalized solutions. Recently, the railway minister said that technology is the only factor that can have a direct effect on the railways' future underlining the importance of evolving with technology. In addition, emerging technology assist in demand management , social distancing and providing real-time information for authorities and passengers as metro rails restart operations in a graded manner.

The rapid digitalization of the railways is characterised by the fourth industrial revolution, Railway 4.0. It improves the facilities, services, processes, signaling and rolling stock of railways while enhancing the assets' operational performance. Using technology that brings stakeholders into strategic collaborations, they are re-imagined, planned, distributed and run, thereby altering the face of the railways.

Coach design, signaling and traffic control, freight management, train services, staff and customer management are some of the main digitalization areas in the rail industry.

Rolling stock
Many rail coaches operate through conventional production processes that result in high inventory costs for the production and storage of parts before assembly. The expensive conventional output is rapidly streamlined with digitalization and improved by platform-based 3D technologies.

The coach designs are accurately modelled, replicated, analyzed and enhanced in the virtual environment with the rolling stock manufacturers using virtual 3D platform and technology to integrate subsystems, components and assembly details, to correct the faults and inefficiencies in order to avoid costly errors.

As in other industries, additive processing is emerging as a game changer in the railways. The Railways have recently started using the 3D printer 'Make in India' to design and print in-house coach components as needed.

The Railway Minister has also recently announced a proposal to upgrade passenger coaches to make them safer, more comfortable and quicker, in compliance with international standards. By integrating integrated electronics, reconfiguring seating and standing areas or introducing styling through the cabin reflecting the local aesthetic or identity, the 3D design platforms and passenger experience solutions are also revolutionising the rail industry.

Signaling system
Technological advances are improving the ability of the railway system by moving advanced signaling to electrified routes. This modernization of the signaling system entails the introduction of the European Train Control System (ETCS), which adheres if the speed limit of the train is consistent with the speed allowed by the signaling system, thus improving safety and timeliness.

The government is also leveraging the Building Information Modelling ( BIM) process for designing and constructing railway signaling systems with plans to modernise 8,000 railway stations.3D technology help to simulate the life cycle of the infrastructure and solve problems by removing different problems due to errors caused by poor data communication.

The 3D model infrastructure technology also recognises the oncoming train and its speed, records data images, and assists with all assets in 3D visualisation of the railway track, train driver simulations and digital track capture.

In addition, the government's latest policy framework has suggested using public-private partnership (PPP) to unleash the country's faster development signaling systems.

Workforce management
The Indian rail network 's workers use a variety of creative technical tools to boost performance, from customer service to maintenance and repair work. The Indian rail network 's workers use a variety of creative technical tools to boost performance, from customer service to maintenance and repair work. Having a forum for workforce management allows workers organise and schedule processes in a planner programme to monitor the whole workforce operation, such as capacity planning, regular task scheduling, real-time rescheduling, paths, availability of employees and time slots in competition.

The software platforms allow operators to see all real-time scenarios and decision implications and then take informed action. It also helps train planners to see both options and decision effects in real time with a dynamic decision support tool, to help make customer-centered choices and to increase service reliability.

Train service efficiency
Various trains operating on a network have various goals, limits of speed and stoppages. The train schedules are made to maximise the utilisation of the network in view of these limitations, track speeds, and specifications. This raises the amount of trains that can operate on the same network when done with network optimization, thus increasing the Railways' revenues.

Fleet planning
With the right fleet of wagons, coaches will increase the revenue of the railways in the right place and at the right time. The time and cost expended can be minimised by decreasing empty kilometres by careful planning. This includes a smart planning framework that can combine all the constraints and create the best KPI-based plans.

In order to cope with unforeseen disruptive incidents such as the unavailability of loading cranes, the late delivery of inter-modal transport units, disruption handling is an integral part of an intelligent planning platform. For the other load orders, stopping the whole train would mean a hold-up and result in many disappointed clients. As a decision support system, an intelligent planning system helps, one that offers an overview of all potential options and their impact on KPIs.

Reducing maintenance time is a big part of optimizing utilisation. Maintenance and cleaning are important and can't be postponed in most situations. Wagons used for transporting gasoline, for example, must be properly washed before they can be used for transporting petrol.

Planners need an intelligent system that offers complete visibility of the terminals, staff and materials available at the requested time slots in order to effectively clean the wagons. They will be able to handle last-minute cleaning activities with such visibility when reacting to urgent order bookings that come in suddenly.

Customer-centricity
Via emerging technology, the Indian rail network is continually improving the passenger experience. The experience of passenger travel has been totally transformed by new features such as facial recognition, emergency talk-back system, Wi-Fi infotainment system , automatic plug-door and move access.

The use of solutions that improve passenger experience and provide the opportunity to suggest custom-tailored coaches based on train routes and passenger tiering is one of the steps taken to modernise railways. The use of solutions that improve passenger experience and provide the opportunity to suggest custom-tailored coaches based on train routes and passenger tiering is one of the steps taken to modernise railways. These solutions allow a comprehensive cabin exploration, including a 360-degree view of the rail coach, and high-end visualisation provides customers with a visual experience while meeting their demands.

A transparent reservation system has recently been introduced by the Railway Ministry, where passengers can verify the status of real-time reservations. Keeping in mind the current situation, the Railway Contactless Ticket Checking Device lets passengers check the availability of passenger berths.

Technology and innovation have changed the face of railways over the last few years as it has adopted digitalization in all aspects of its operations, such as asset management, train signaling, manufacturing, passenger information system, and automation of coach factories. Technology and innovation have changed the face of railways over the last few years as it has adopted digitalization in all aspects of its operations, such as asset management, train signaling, manufacturing, passenger information system, and automation of coach factories. With the digital transformation of the Railways, the industry will drive new railway intelligence, allowing enhanced industry-wide understanding and creativity of the business model.


Source: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/how-digitalisation-in-transforming-the-indian-railways/article33002982.ece#

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